Competencies are specific knowledge, behaviours and attitudes that enables a person to be successful in a job. Such competencies may be the ability to find information on the internet, or to analyse data, or to critically think, strategic planning or decision making. Competencies are also core competencies which are distinctive and are key to succeed in a job. A competency may consist of:

1. skills: highly developed mental and physical abilities
2. knowledge: information and experience
3. attitudes and personal traits: a person's values and how a person interacts with others and its environment based on these values.